5 Ways to Protect Your Home During a Storm
Extreme weather can happen at any time.
For many parts of the United States, stormy winter weather has been relentless.
In late January, the East Coast was attacked by the Winter Storm Jonas, which produced record levels of snowfall in multiple locations in Pennsylvania, New York and Baltimore. Around the same time, much of the West Coast got drenched with rain from El Niño that was badly needed in drought-stricken areas such as California, but also caused massive floods that kept insurers very busy. For some unlucky residents, the damage of Jonas was unavoidable. For other recent victims of storm devastation, preventative steps could have been taken to prepare for the potential consequences of extreme weather.
Here are five steps homeowners can take to protect their property during stormy weather to reduce the chance of catastrophic damages:
During a storm, lawn and deck furniture and other items can become dangerous projectiles, damaging your home or your neighbors’ homes.
1. Clear away outdoor items
Make sure all lawn furniture, gardening tools, sporting equipment and other outdoor items are stored away if a storm is heading your way.
High winds during a heavy storm can potentially pick up these items and send them flying through a window or far away from your home.
Putting away loose outdoor items in this situation can protect your house (and your neighbors’ houses) from unnecessary damage.
Also, make sure your windows and doors are closed and secured if you know a big storm is coming.
Keep you trees trimmed to protect your home, and neighboring homes, from branches that can be snapped off during a storm.
Take time to examine the trees in your yard or surrounding your house. Storms will often snap large tree branches, which can damage your home’s siding, smash your car or even topple power lines and cause outages. Stand up on a ladder (carefully) and check how the branches are attached to the trunks of trees around your house. If the tree has a loose connection with a big branch, consider sawing it off. It might reduce some shade in the yard, but can potentially protect your home.
The key is to not cut down any branches or trees when a storm is approaching, as the loose vegetation could be dangerous if left in your yard, and services to remove the materials may be suspended or closed.
Shutters can protect your windows from heavy winds and flying debris in storm.
No matter how many preventative measures you take in your yard and around your home, the turbulent winds and heavy rains of a storm can still damage your windows. If you live in an area that frequently gets hit with high winds or is prone to hurricanes, storm shutters can prevent your windows from shattering and protect you from harsh debris.
Installing impact resistant storm shutters adds an additional level of security to the fragile glass planes.
Consider getting a home generator to keep the lights on in the event of a post-storm power outage. But make sure you don’t run it inside your house.
Electricity lines are vulnerable during storms. Fallen branches can easily snap the power lines, and lightning strikes can blow up transformers, causing major power outages. A whole-house surge protective device runs in the $200 to $300 range and is easy for an electrician to install.
For more-extreme weather patterns, consider purchasing a home generator to keep your power on in the event of long-term electricity outages.
There are steps you can take to keep floodwaters out of your home.
Heavy rainstorms can lead to flooding, which can potentially wreak havoc on homes. Water damage can devalue a house and cause significant problems with the foundation. According to Westerra Real Estate, if a 2,000 square-foot home gets even six inches of floodwater in it, this can cause approximately $40,000 in damage. If you live in areas with a high probability of flooding, there’s a chance your Homeowners’ insurance won’t cover the repairs, so be sure to research your policy. One preventative option is dry flood-proofing your house by making the foundation watertight with concrete. This prevents water from being able to enter the enclosed areas of a house. Another option to consider is wet flood-proofing, which consists of modifying uninhabited areas under your house, such as a basement or crawlspace, to allow floodwaters to enter and exit. Be sure to seek necessary professional guidance before determining a flood-proofing method for your home.
Nobody can control the weather, but if you’re a homeowner in an area that could potentially get struck by a large storm, you should always be prepared for the worst. Doing your due diligence now can prevent major headaches, unexpected expenses and future safety hazards. While having a good Homeowners’ insurance policy to protect your property and finances is highly advisable, it’s even better when you don’t have to use it.
Disaster Planning Tips
Disasters come in endless varieties – sewage backflows, lightning strikes, earthquakes, wind damage, fires and hurricanes or even burst pipes. Whatever the cause, everything stops – abruptly.
The Restoration Industry Association (formerly ASCR) has compiled this list of things to keep in mind when preparing your home or office for general emergencies:
- Ask yourself: If you had to leave your home or business for three weeks, what would you wish that you had done?
- Inspect every area and assess its vulnerability to water. Water is almost always a factor in disasters, whether from fire suppression, roof damage, plumbing failures, chemical spills or earth tremors, even when the damage originates on a remotely higher floor. Nothing but furniture and durable equipment should be stored directly on the floor. Paper records and items are instant casualties.
- Desk and tabletops are vulnerable to water from sprinklers or runoff from higher floors, as well as to smoke and heat damage. Make sure important papers and files are put away in a filing cabinet or drawer.
- Take photos of each room in your house or apartment, save them to a CD and print hard copies. Keep one set to take with you and a second set off site (e.g., safe deposit box, relative’s home). This gives you a digital inventory of the major contents in your house and what they looked like prior to water or fire damage.
- Back up your computers and keep the information where it’s easily accessible in an evacuation as well as at an offsite location. (This is particularly important for people who work from home.)
- Businesses should maintain a moderate stock of emergency supplies. A few dozen plastic tarps, a couple of wet-pickup vacuums with wands and floor attachments, and a few floor squeegees provide a primary level of protection at a moderate cost. A case of absorbent wipes can also be useful. Rapid response is the key to damage control. The ability to swiftly deploy tarps over computers, production equipment, file cabinets and other critical components can dramatically curtail the extent of damage.
- If you have advance warning of a peril, charge cell phones, laptops, PDAs, etc. in case you’re without electricity for a few days.
Items to keep in your emergency kit or gather during an evacuation if possible:
- Insurance information – health and homeowners policies
- Family photos, irreplaceable mementos/jewelry
- Digital inventory CD and printout
- Wallet, checkbook and credit cards
- Canned goods, baby food and food for pets
- Can opener/multipurpose tool/sharp knife
- Bottled water, MREs, water purification tablets
- Work gloves and boots
- Water proof matches and candles
- Transistor radio, flashlight and extra batteries
- Duct tape, electrical tape
- Toiletries, toilet paper, feminine products, diapers, wipes
- First aid kit
- Cell phone, laptop and car chargers
- Extra clothing (i.e., socks, underwear)
- Sleeping bag
- Address book, paper, pens
- Medication and prescriptions
- Extra batteries
For more information, contact the Restoration Industry Association in Columbia, Maryland, (443) 878-1000 or visit www.restorationindustry.org.
©2007, Restoration Industry Association